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Jacked Factory Altius Review

Altius is a pre-workout supplement by Jacked Factory, an up and coming brand with a scientific, transparent approach to product formulation…

Jacked Factory Altius

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CITRULLINE MALATE

Citrulline is a precursor to Arginine and is therefore heavily involved in the Nitric Oxide cycle. Unlike supplemental Arginine, however, Citrulline is not subject to breakdown by the enzyme Arginase and is therefore more effective for increasing circulating Arginine levels than supplemental Arginine.

At this point, Citrulline (usually as Citrulline Malate) has been studied fairly extensively with all the research indicating it is an effective performance enhancer.

Specifically, Citrulline has been demonstrated to increase muscular contraction efficiency which means more reps can be performed later on in the workout.

Citrulline has also been shown to reduce exercise-induced muscle soreness.

Altius contains 8g dose of Citrulline Malate. Given that the effective range is 6-8g, this can be considered a highly effective dose.

BETA-ALANINE

Beta-Alanine is a precursor to the peptide Carnosine which acts as a lactic acid buffer in muscle tissue. This means higher muscle Carnosine levels can increase muscular endurance.

Beta-Alanine is considered the rate-limiting amino acid in the synthesis of Carnosine and supplementation has been shown to significantly increase muscular Carnosine levels, leading to performance enhancement.

Altius contains 3.2g of Beta-Alanine per serving, an effective dose according to various studies.

CREATINE

Creatine is considered one of the most effective and reliable performance enhancing supplements, not mention it is incredibly safe. Specifically, Creatine can increase strength and power as well as favorably influence body composition (more muscle less fat).

Altius contains 3g of Creatine Monohydrate, a moderate dose which may achieve muscle saturation over a long period of time.

BETAINE ANHYDROUS

Betaine (also known as Trimethylglycine) is the amino acid Glycine with the addition of three methyl groups attached. Betaine is alleged to increase power output and strength by increasing cellular swelling, a phenomenon well established with Creatine supplementation, which can drastically reduce the damaging effect of outside stimuli (such as exercise) on the working muscle. So far, Betaine has been investigated in several human studies, and has had some pretty encouraging results in most.

We discuss the strength/performance implications of Betaine in-depth in this article, but Altius contains an effective dose with regards to increasing strength and power output.

CAFFEINE ANHYDROUS

Caffeine is the most widely consumed psychoactive substance in the world, and for good reason: it works! Caffeine can enhance focus, increase perceived energy, cause greater muscle contractions, and encourage fat-oxidation, though individual tolerance tends to vary pretty considerably from person to person.

Altius contains 325mg per serving, a pretty high dose which most people will feel the effects of. Some individuals may choose to start with a half scoop though, depending on sensitivity.

ALPHA GPC

Alpha GPC is the most bioavailable source of Choline. Like many other Choline-sources, it has implications for cognitive enhancement, but is actually the only form shown to increase muscle power output, and with just an acute dose!

Unfortunately, the dose of Alpha GPC present in one serving of Altius is not exactly what you could call “clinical”. Generally speaking, 300-600mg is the recommended dose, but it’s possible that 150mg provides some marginal benefit as well.

BIOPERINE

BioPerine is the brand name form of Black Pepper Extract which is standardized for Piperine, a compound that can increase the absorption of other nutrients.

THE BOTTOM LINE

Altius contains highly effective clinical doses of almost all key ingredients, with most of the emphasis being on physical performance enhancement as opposed to focus/cognitive-function. That said, the whopping 325mg dose of Caffeine in each serving should be enough to provide the average user with some noticeable energy.

Still don’t know which pre-workout is right for you? Check out our Top 10 Pre-Workout Supplements list for some recommendations.

References

  1. Casey, Anna, and Paul L. Greenhaff. “Does dietary creatine supplementation play a role in skeletal muscle metabolism and performance?.” The American journal of clinical nutrition 72.2 (2000).
  2. Kraemer, William J., and Jeff S. Volek. “Creatine supplementation: its role in human performance.” Clinics in sports medicine 18.3 (1999): 651-666.
    Thompson, C. H., et al. “Effect of creatine on aerobic and anaerobic metabolism in skeletal muscle in swimmers.” British journal of sports medicine 30.3 (1996): 222-225.
  3. Graham, T. E., and L. L. Spriet. “Metabolic, catecholamine, and exercise performance responses to various doses of caffeine.” Journal of Applied Physiology 78.3 (1995): 867-874
  4. Graham, Terry E. “Caffeine and exercise.” Sports medicine 31.11 (2001): 785-807.
  5. Ebashi, S., and Mi Endo. “Calcium and muscle contraction.” Progress in biophysics and molecular biology 18 (1968): 123-183
  6. Poisner, Alan M. “Caffeine–Induced Catecholamine Secretion: Similarity to Caffeine–Induced Muscle Contraction.” Experimental Biology and Medicine142.1 (1973): 103-10
  7. Sureda, Antoni, et al. “Effects of L-citrulline oral supplementation on polymorphonuclear neutrophils oxidative burst and nitric oxide production after exercise.” Free radical research 43.9 (2009): 828-835.
  8. Giannesini, Benoît, et al. “Citrulline malate supplementation increases muscle efficiency in rat skeletal muscle.” European journal of pharmacology 667.1 (2011): 100-104.
  9. Pérez-Guisado, Joaquín, and Philip M. Jakeman. “Citrulline malate enhances athletic anaerobic performance and relieves muscle soreness.” The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research 24.5 (2010): 1215-1222.
  10. del Favero, Serena, et al. “Creatine but not betaine supplementation increases muscle phosphorylcreatine content and strength performance.” Amino Acids42.6 (2012): 2299-2305.
  11. Sale, Craig, Bryan Saunders, and Roger C. Harris. “Effect of beta-alanine supplementation on muscle carnosine concentrations and exercise performance.” Amino acids 39.2 (2010): 321-33
  12. Stellingwerff, Trent, et al. “Effect of two β-alanine dosing protocols on muscle carnosine synthesis and washout.” Amino Acids 42.6 (2012): 2461-2472.
  13. Hoffman J, et al. Beta-alanine and the hormonal response to exercise. Int J Sports Med. (2008)
  14. Wilson, Jacob M., et al. “Beta-alanine supplementation improves aerobic and anaerobic indices of performance.” Strength & Conditioning Journal 32.1 (2010): 71-78
  15. Ziegenfuss, T. Landis, J. Hofheins, J. “Acute supplementation with alpha-glycerylphosphorylcholine augments growth hormone response to, and peak force production during, resistance exercise”Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2008, 5(Suppl 1):P15

 

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